Test or exams are an educational test meant to measure the knowledge, skill, aptitudes, mental aptitude, or comprehension in various subjects. It is intended for all levels of education ranging from kindergarten up to post-graduate college. Usually, there are two ways for a student to register for a test or exam: in person at a school, or over the Internet. While the first method is preferred for those who need to schedule an in-person test, the latter method can be used for those who want to take the test over the Internet.
There are different types of tests. One type is the set of questions posed to test students’ learning; another type is the test of skills based on multiple-choice or short answers. Then, there are the real-life or field tests which test a candidate’s ability to work under specific working scenarios; and, the working group test which assesses working skills in a working group environment. There are also tests based on reading and writing which test a candidate’s command over the language. Other popular test types include the behavioral test, which screens out individuals with behavioral difficulties; the performance scale test which screens out potential students; and the applied behavior analysis test which screens out individuals having disruptive behaviors.
Before administering the test, the school or the administration should determine the test objectives. These objectives determine the specific scope of the testing to be administered. The test objectives can include testing attitudes, abilities, or knowledge. The test objectives can also include testing for general intelligence, memory, reasoning, reading, and writing skills, visual/spatial abilities, and knowledge of the specific subject being tested.
After determining the objectives for the test, a testing plan should be made. The test plan should contain detailed instructions for the test administration process including scheduling the test date, location, and time. It should also contain procedures to be followed in administering the test such as providing test forms to the participants. The test schedule should also indicate the specific components which are to be tested. Based on the test objectives, the test schedule should include the distribution of test forms to the test participants.
The test implementation process may include the use of pre-fabricated test environments or a custom-designed testing environment. In order to have a successful test execution, the test environment should be properly prepared especially during customization or after testing. The test environment should have the proper testing protocol such as the observation of test results, keeping track of test results, data reporting, analysis of test results, and other necessary actions.
All the pre-requisites for the successful testing process are carefully evaluated and finalized by a test development team composed of people from different disciplines such as testers, systems designers, software engineers, test managers, and instructional designers. Each section in the testing process contributes something to the overall testing success. A testing team should be made up of people who possess good experience in the particular field. It is important for the team to work together effectively. Team members should be allowed to bring their own ideas to the table so that they can be reviewed before implementing them into the actual testing process.