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An exam or test is an educational test meant to measure the knowledge, skill, aptitudes, memory, eye-hand coordination, or spatial awareness of a test-taker. It is often used as an alternative to scoring a subject on a quiz book. The results of the test can be used to determine which lessons have been learned by students, and also as a way to grade the students on a particular course of study.
A standardize examination has two objectives: first, it helps educators and other educators understand what students are capable of doing and what they should be able to do. Second, it helps educators and other educators assess the learning of students. Standardized tests differ from one region or country to another and even from one school district to another. For example, a standardized test from the United States may examine someone from Great Britain. The test will examine someone from Canada differently than it would examine someone from England. The test will be a standardized only if the internationally accepted conventions set forth the same format for all the subjects that are being tested.
In English, there are three types of standardized examinations: the verbal test, the quantitative test, and the grammar or language skills test. There are several different formats for each type of examination, including multiple-choice, closed, and open-ended tests. In a multiple-choice test, a panel of at least two people will ask questions about the topic; the answer choices need to be in response to the teacher’s prompt.
In a closed examination, the format is similar to that of the open-ended test. Only the answer choices must be in response to the prompt; no prior knowledge is necessary to solve the problem. In the grammar or language skills test, the format is different; here, the student must solve a problem in English based on the usage and word meaning of the preposition be, does, be, was, is, or was at the root of the verb mentioned in the passage being tested.
The second type of exam, the etymology test, measures how well students know how to put words together to form a complete sentence. Students are given words, with their definitions, and they have to match them up with the meanings defined by the passage’s author. Students may choose to test their knowledge by finding the word in the dictionary and looking up its synonyms and derivatives; they may choose to test their skills by using the computer to search for online resources, such as a thesaurus. If they do not know the meaning of a word, they will fail this part of the test. In the language portion of the test, they will present a list of synonyms and derivatives of the base noun being examined. The English composition section asks the students to analyze the meaning of a phrase and interpret it into a clear and precise statement.
Finally, the final type of exam measures the strength of the student’s command of the principal terms involved in the passage. This section asks the students to write a simple essay, based on the prescribed main clauses, using the main verb in the passage, and compare it with the word that precedes or follows the verb. Students are then asked to compare the sentences and draw conclusions from them. Students who pass all three parts of the TestDaF must, of course, pass the Italian language qualifying examination.