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An exam or test is an educational test meant to measure the ability of a test-taker’s comprehension, memory, reasoning, alertness, or even attention in many different subjects. There are different types of these exams – for example, in a language arts test, the child will be asked to answer a series of words, and then look at the picture displayed on the screen. He/she will be asked not only to identify the pictures but also to explain and translate the meaning of the text. In this type of test, the performance of the test taker is very important, as it determines the individual’s progress in learning.
It is also useful to know how the test is prepared. Generally, a book containing the entire test is provided, and the taker is required to follow the directions printed on the book carefully. Usually, there is one page per subject. This page contains information such as the purpose of the test, the objectives, sample test questions and answers, a discussion of test strategies and answers, and a time limit.
For a memory test, the person has to read a list of words. Then he/she will have to find all the words listed in the order they are written, and choose the correct word from among them. The test will provide suggestions and examples for finding the correct words. This type of test may require the person to make a lot of visual memory association.
Quantitative tests are usually used to test the ability of a person in numerical areas. For example, in mathematics, a test taker will have to prove theorems (existing facts) and their derivations. Examples include geometry, calculus, etc. In these tests, the instructions describe the procedure in detail. The taker can ask questions, receive answers, and use any number of calculation tools available.
Verbal tests are usually used by employers to determine whether a person has the ability to follow directions, take feedback, solve problems, and read information. A good verbal test will include at least two types of response: positive, like in “Do you agree?” and negative, such as in “don’t agree.”
All the instructions given in the test must be followed precisely. Time limits are usually stated in the instructions along with the test materials. In case of difficult problems, the test center may call upon the tutor for help. Verbal tests are conducted under the supervision of qualified test staff.